Dyslexia is the well-known term for a Specific Learning Disorder in reading. It is the most common form of learning disability, accounting for 80% of all children identified.
Problems with reading, and related difficulties in comprehension, spelling and writing, are common experiences for those with dyslexia. Many people also experience difficulties with working memory, attention and organisational skills.
Dyslexia is characterised by:
- Difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition
- Poor spelling and decoding abilities.
These difficulties typically result from an inability to effectively translate the basic components of language (phonemes) into words and sentences. This is despite being of average or higher intelligence and receiving effective teaching at school.
Secondary consequences may include a disinterest in reading and difficulties with comprehension, which affects growth of vocabulary and background knowledge of a topic.
How is dyslexia treated?
Dyslexia is a life-long condition. With proper help, most people can learn to read and write well. Early identification and treatment is the key to helping dyslexics achieve in school and in life.
- Systematic and explicit teaching methods that involve several senses (hearing, seeing, touching) at the same time; usually from a teacher, tutor or therapist specially trained in a multisensory, structured language approach
- Individual support with structured practice and immediate feedback to assist development of automatic word recognition skills
- Modifications to the school curriculum to support the individual. For example, extra time to complete tasks, help with taking notes, modified work assignments, taped tests or alternative means of assessment, listening to books on tape, using text reading computer programs and writing on computers
- Psychological support for emotional issues that sometimes arise as a consequence of difficulties in school
Check out this video from TedEd for a great summary!
For more information or to enquire about assessing for dyslexia, feel free to make an appointment with one of our Psychologists on (03) 9768 9990.